Hong Kong SAR
  • Economy Overview

    Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. Following British rule from 1842 to 1997, China assumed sovereignty under the ‘one country, two systems’ principle. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s constitutional document, the Basic Law, ensures that the current political situation will remain in effect for 50 years. The rights and freedoms of people in Hong Kong are based on the impartial rule of law and an independent judiciary.

  • General Information

    Economy name Hong Kong SAR
    Area 1,104 km²
    Climate Sub-tropical
    Population 7.24 million
    Language Chinese and English
    Currency Hong Kong dollar
  • Economic Indicators

    (Unit: USD, 2014)
    GDP 276.7 billion
    GDP per capita 40,014
    Economic Growth Rate 2.5%
    Total Exports 524 billion
    Total Imports 601 billion
    Trade Balance -77 billion
  • ▣ Trade Information

  • Export and Import Tendency

    Hong Kong imports mainly electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, and electrical parts thereof, telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment, office machines and automatic data processing machines, nonmetallic mineral manufactures and articles of apparel and clothing accessories. The principal suppliers are the mainland of China, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, the United States of America and Korea.
    The main items of export are jewellery, goldsmiths’ and silversmiths’ wares, and other articles of precious or semi-precious materials, plastics in primary and non-primary forms, machinery specialised for particular industries, medicinal and pharmaceutical products and tobacco manufactured. The major markets are the mainland of China, the United States of America, Taiwan, Singapore, Vietnam, India, Australia and Korea.

    (Unit: Million USD, %)
    Year Exports Rate of Change Import Rate of Change
    2014 524 -2.2 601 -3.3
    2013 536 8.7 622 12.2
    2012 493 8.1 554 8.4
    2011 456 13.7 511 15.6
    2010 401 21.5 442 25.2
    Top 5 Export Items Jewellery, goldsmiths’ and silversmiths’ wares, and other articles of precious or semi-precious materials, Plastics in primary forms, Metalliferous ores and metal scrap, Non-ferrous metals, Machinery specialised for particular industries
    Top 5 Import Items Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, and electrical parts thereof, Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment, Office machines and automatic data processing machines, Miscellaneous manufactured articles, Non-metallic mineral manufactures
    Top 5 Export Partners The Mainland of China, The United States of America, Taiwan, Singapore, Vietnam
    Top 5 Import Partners The Mainland of China, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, The United States of America
  • Duty and Customs Clearance

    http://www.customs.gov.hk/en/cargo_clearance/clearance/index.html

  • Trade Agreements

    http://www.tid.gov.hk/english/trade_relations/traderelations_maincontent.html

  • ▣ Related Organization Website

  • Related Government Agencies

  • Related Associations